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如何从设计和制造环节抑制电机的机械噪声

FABUSHIJIAN:2019-06-12 20:30:00 DIANJI:    

 
 

无锡宏达起重电机2019年6月12日讯广东11选5  电机机械性噪声产生的原因很多,现在从电机设计与制造角度来讨论如何抑制或改善电机的机械性噪声。

1
电机轴承噪声的降低

CAIYONGYOUZHIZHOUCHENG,JINGXUANZHOUCHENGXINGHAOYUCHICUN,SHIDANGDEZHOUCHENGBUJIANSHEJI,TIGAOYUZHOUCHENGXIANGPEIHEDELINGBUJIANDEZHIZAOJINGDU,HELIXUANZEPEIHEDENGJI,YIJIZHENGJIEDEANZHUANGHUANJING,WENMINGDEANZHUANGGONGYIDENG,DUIJIANGDIDIANJIDEZHENDONGHEZAOSHENGDOUYOUXIANZHUXIAOGUO。MUQIAN,ZAIDAXINGDIANJIHUOFENMALIJIYIXIAWEIDIANJIZHONG,YIBANQUXIANGYUCAIYONGHUADONGZHOUCHENG,TEBIESHIWEIDIANJI,QIDADUOSHUYAOQIUDIZAOSHENG,ERCAIYONGGAOJINGDUGUNDONGZHOUCHENGCHENGBENTAIGAO。JINNIANLAIKAIFADEFENMOZHIJINHANYOUZHOUCHENGNENGBAOZHENGZHOUCHENGZAOSHENGBUDAYU40dB,SHENZHIDADAO30dB。

广东11选5 DUIYUGUNDONGZHOUCHENGKEYICAIQUXIALIECUOSHILAIJIANGDIQIZAOSHENG:

●CAIYONGDANHUANGQUAN(LIRUBOWENDANHUANG),JIZHOUCHENGSHIJIAZHOUXIANGYUYALI,NENGJIANSHAOYOUYUGUNDONGYUANJIANYUNDONGBUSHOUYUESHUERYINQIDEZHENDONG。DANSHI,BOWENDANHUANGBIXUJUYOUZUGOUTUILIQUGENZONGZHOUXIANGZHENDONGDEJILI,BUNENGTAIYING,TAZUOYONGYUZHOUCHENGWAIQUANSHANGDELIYINGDANGBIJIAOJUNYUNDENGDENG,FOUZEKENENGQIXIANGFANZUOYONGHUOBUQIZUOYONG。ZHOUXIANGYUYALIDEZUIJIASHUZHIKEYOUSHIYANQUEDING。SHIYANSHUJUBIAOMING,DANGZHOUXIANGYUJINLIWEI196-490NSHI,ZHENDONGSUDUJIAODI。

●ZAIZHICHENGZHUANGZHIZHONGZENGJIADANXINGJIANZHENQI。TONGCHANG,ZHEIYOUZHUYUJIANGDIPINLVGAOYUJIBAIHzDEZHENDONGHEZAOSHENG。

●XUANYONGJUYOUYOUHECHENGSULIAOZHIZUODEBAOCHIQIHUOZHEJIANGUDEJIXIEBAOCHIQIDEZHOUCHENG,ZHEIXIEZHOUCHENGZAIGAOSUYUNZHUANSHIBIJIAOANJING。

●CAIYONGJUYOUHUZHAOHUOMIFENGDIANDEZHOUCHENG,YIFANGZHIWUWUHUOWAILAIWUQINRUZHOUCHENG。

●ZHOUCHENGWAIQUANDEGUYOUPINLVYINGSHIYUZHICHENGGOUJIANDEGUYOUPINLVSHIXIE。

广东11选5 ●XUANZEHESHIDEGONGZUOYOUXI。CONGZAOSHENGJIAODU,GONGZUOYOUXIBIZHIZHOUCHENGDEBOWENDU、CUCAODU,DIANJIDEJIAGONGJINGDU、PEIHEGONGCHAHEANZHUANGGONGYIDENGYINGXIANGDOUSHICIYAODE,DANTAYINGYOUYIGEXIANGDUIDEZUIJIAZHIFANWEI。

2
电刷——换向器噪声的降低

ZAIYIDINGDEYUNXINGHUANJINGZHONG,HELIDESHEJINENGGOUJIANSHAODIANSHUAZAOSHENG。WEISHIZAOSHENGZUIXIAO,DIANSHUASHENCHUSHUAHEDEZUIJIAZHANGDU(YITANSHUAZHONGXINXIANJISUAN)FANWEIWEI2~4mm。DIANSHUAZAOSHENGSUIDIANSHUAYALIDEBIANHUAERBIANHUA,BINGQIEZUIJIADEYALISHI0.0392~0.0490MPa;DIANSHUAYUSHUAWOZHIJIANDEJIANXIWEI0.2mmSHI,ZAOSHENGZUIXIAO。

WEISHIDADIANJIHUOXIAOXINGGAOSUDIANJIDEDIANSHUA——HUANXIANGQIZAOSHENGZUIXIAO,ZHIZAOCHANGHAIBIXUJINXINGYIXILIEDESHIYAN,CONGZAOSHENGJIAODULAIXUANYONGHESHIDEDIANSHUACAILIAOYIJIFUHEZAOSHENGJISHUYAOQIUDEDIANSHUAZHUANGZHICANSHU。

DUIYUZHONGXINGHEDAXINGDIANJI,KONGZHIDIANSHUA——HUANXIANGQIZAOSHENGDEYIZHONGFANGFASHIZAIHUANXIANGQIDUANZHUANGYONGMIFENGZHAO。

3
转子不平衡噪声的降低

JIANGDIYOUYUZHUANZIBUPINGHENGYINQIDEZAOSHENG,GUANJIANZAIYUTIGAOXIAODONGPINGHENGDEJINGDU,HUOXIANZHIZHUANZIBUPINGHENGLIANGYUHELIXIANDU。GUOJIBIAOZHUNHUAZUZHI(ISO)BANBUGUOBUTONGDIANJIZHUANZIDEZUIJINGJIHELIPINGHENGPINZHIDENGJIJIXIANGYINGDEDANWEIZHUANZIZHILIANG(kg)YUNXUDECANYUBUPINGHENGLIANG。YIBANDISHUO,TIGAOZHUANZIDONGPINGHENGJINGDUYOUKENENGSHIZAOSHENGJIANGDI3~5dB。

JISHUWENJIANGUIDINGLEYUNXUMEIDANWEIZHUANZIZHILIANGDECANLIUBUPINGHENGZHIHUOYUNXUDEZONGPIANXINZHI。ZHUANSUYUEGAO,YAOQIUYUEYAN。DANCIGUIDINGJINSHIYONGYU“GANGXING”ZHUANZI,JIZHIYUNXINGZHUANSUYUANDIYUQIDIYILINJIEZHUANSUDEZHUANZI。DUIYUSHIJIDE“NAOXING”ZHUANZI,JIZHIYUNXINGZHUANSUJIEYUQIDIYIYUDIERLINJIEZHUANSUZHIJIANDEZHUANZI,QIYUNXUZONGPIANXINZHIHAIYINGXIAOXIE。

HAIKEYIZHICHU,DUIYUYITAIWANQUANPINGHENGDEDIANJI,RUGUOYUQITASHEBEICHENGTAO,ZEYOUYUZHOUXILIANJIEHOU,ZHOUCHENGZHICHENGDEGANGDUHEZHENDONGXINGSHIDEBIANHUAYIJIQITAYUANYIN,LIRU,BEILIANJIEDESHEBEIBENSHENBUPINGHENG、MEIZHAOHAOZHONGXINDENG,RENGKENENGFASHENGBUXUKEDEZHENDONGYUZAOSHENG。YINCI,YINGDANGDUIZHENGGEZHUANDONGXITONGZAISHIJIYUNXINGZHUANGTAIXIAJINXINGXIAODONGPINGHENGGONGZUO。

广东11选5 CIWAI,HAIYINGZHUYIPINGHENGDEWENDINGXING,YOUQIYUNXINGFAREHOUDEWENDINGXING。TONGSHI,YEBUKEHUSHITONGZHOUSHANGANZHUANGDEQITABUJIANRUFENGSHAN、JIANDENGDEDONGPINGHENG。2JIQILUNFADIANJIDEZHUANZI,YOUYUKAICAOQIANFANGRAOZU,LIANGGEZHUZHOUXIANDEKANGWANGANGDUBUYIZHI,ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIAJISHIZHUANZIXIAOLEPINGHENGWANGWANGHAIBUNENGWANQUANXIAOCHUJUYOULIANGBEIZHUANZIXUANZHUANPINLVDEJIXIEZAOSHENG。TEBIESHI,RUGUOZHOUCHENGZHICHENGZUOHUOMOUXIEGOUJIANDEGUYOUPINLVDENGYUHUOJIEJINYULIANGBEIZHUANZIXUANZHUANPINLVSHI,ZEGAIPINLVXIADEZAOSHENGHEZHENDONGKENENGGAODAOBUYUNXUDECHENGDU。

4
空气动力噪声的控制

广东11选5 ●FENGSHANZAOSHENGDEKONGZHI。DIANJIZHONGFENGSHANYOUYUSHOUKONGJIANXIANZHI,BUNENGZHUANGYONGMOUXIETIGAOQIXIAOLVDEFUJIAYUANJIAN,XIAOLVJIAOGONGYEFENGJIDIDEDUO,ZAOSHENGZEGAOXIE。YUANZESHANG,JIANGDIDIANJITONGFENGZAOSHENGKEYICONGJIANGDIFENGLIANG、JIANSHAOFENGZU、TIGAOXIAOLV(CONGFENGSHANXINGSHIDENGZHESHOU),YIJIKENENGSHIJIANXIAOFENGSHANZHIJINGHEZHUANSUDENGFANGMIANNULI。RU:(1)FENGSHANYEPIANCAIYONGBUJUNYUNJIANJUFENGSHANYEPIANCAIYONGBUJUNYUNJIANJU,KEYIJIANSHAODANGJUNYUNSHISUOYINQIDEYOUGUILVDEYALIRAODONGQIANGDU;(2)FENGSHANYEPIANCAIYONGDUOKONGCAILIAO;(3)CAIYONGTESHUFENGSHAN——ZHUANZILIANJIEQI。BIANSUDIANJIDEFENGSHANZAIDISUSHI,GONGJIZUGOUDELENGQUEKONGQI,ZAIGAOSUSHILENGQUEKONGQIZEHUIGUOLIANG,YINERJIUJIADALEKONGQIDONGLIZAOSHENG。CAIYONGZHUANZILIANJIEQI,KEYISHIFENGSHANZHUANSUBUBIAN。

●KONGQIDONGLIZAOSHENGDEKONGZHI。ZAIZHONGXINGHEDAXINGDIANJIZHONG,LENGQUEKONGQITONGGUOZHOUXIANGSHANGDUIQIDEDING、ZHUANZIFENGDAOSHIKECHANSHENGQIDIZAOSHENG;JIANSHAOZHEIZHONGZAOSHENGDEYIZHONGYOUXIAOFANGFASHIZAIDINGZIJINGXIANGFENGDAOKOUFUJINFANGZHIXISHENGCAILIAO。

广东11选5 QIDIZAOSHENGHAIKEYIYOULIRUGAOSUGANYINGDIANDONGJIZHUANZIDAOTIAOYUDINGZIRAOZUDUANBUZHIJIANDEJIANXIDENGQITAYUANYINSUOYINQI。CAIYONGFENGBIZHAOHUOBILUTONGFENGXITONG,KESHIZHUYAOZAOSHENGJIANGDIDA20dBHUOGENGDUO。DANYAOKAOLVYOUYUZHAOBIDEFANSHEZUOYONG,ZHAONEIDESHENGYAJIJIANGGAOYUWUZHAOSHIZAITONGYIDIANDESHUZHI。

广东11选5 ●DUIKONGQIRUKOUHECHUKOUCHUZAOSHENGDEKONGZHI。CAIYONGXISHENGCAILIAOZHIZUODEXIAOSHENGQILAIJIANGDIKONGQIRUKOUHECHUKOUCHUDONGLIZAOSHENG,ZAIXUDUOQINGKUANGXIADOUSHIFEICHANGYOUXIAODE。WOGUOZHONGXINGXINXILIEDIANJI,QIDANWEIZHILIANGDEGONGLVYOUJIAODAFUDUDETIGAO,YINCIBIXUZENGJIALENGQUEKONGQIDELIULIANG。QIANGHUATONGFENGBIRANDAOZHIDIANJITONGFENGZAOSHENGDEZENGDA。WEICIZAIXIANGSHIJIEGOUDEFANGDISHIZHONGXINGGAOYADIANJISHANGBUJIAZHUANGLEXIAOSHENGZHAO。

 
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